People’s climate march in the Doti, a western hilly region of Nepal

Doti, on the 29th November, before the inception of United Nation climate summit in Paris from 30 November through to 11 December 2015, different governmental stakeholders, International Non Governmental Organizations, Non Governmental Organizations and local people have joined a march so as to draw attention to the participants of the International summit about  the global warming and climate change  issue, in Paris.

The international summit will be organized by the United Nation from 30 November through to 11 December in Paris. The summit mainly focuses on making the policy about reducing the Green House Gases emission to abridge the exponential growth of the earth’s surface temperature.  If the proper policies and agreement could not be made and signed there, it will greatly create problems related to the climate and environment, mostly in poorer countries like Nepal.

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A group photo during People’s Climate March

People’s Climate March from Indra Chowk to Municipality, 1.5 km walking distance, as a responsible organization during the global campaign by mobilizing the people of all walks.  As the march was started by 8 am  and ended by 10 am. There were large number of people participants from different sectors as well as from civic society, most of them were in green dress symbolizing the environment during the rally early morning, with banners and play cards printed with the slogans “sakidaichha pertolium, nikalna banda gar Nabikarniya Urja ma lagani gar (Stop exploiting the petroleum fuels, Increase investment at Renuable energy) Hariyali le sahar sajau , rukh ropau prithivi jogayu ( ornate city with greenery, plant trees and save earth, Hami Jal Bayu Nyay Chahanchau (we want climate justice).

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People’s Climate March

Later the march rally converted to a formal program at Municipality hall, which was chaired by Representatives from District Forest Office, other guest from District Developmetn Committee, District Adminstration Office, Political parties. During program a formal welcomed speech delivered as well as informed about the objective of  the March. Audio video multimedia was also used to broadcast climate change documentary, which was really appreciated by all the participants  among the entire program. Few speeches also delivered by representatives of political parties and District Development Committee is relating the People’s Climate March. The program ended up with  snacks for all participants on a climate friendly plate made from leaves.

Leading women- Vegetable production inside Plastic tunnel house

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Desh Ratna Dangi is lead farmer and former treasurer of Barpipal Saving and Credit Cooperative Limited,which is situated in Doti; a hilly district of Nepal. She produces seasonal as well as off seasonal vegetables to support her family inside the plastic tunnel house earning an average of $200 per season. She usually cultivates tomato and cucumber inside the plastic tunnel house and sells all the products nearby markets.

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Nepal celebrating 12th National Rice Day

DSC08032Nepal is celebrating 12th National Rice Day on 30th June, 2015, in each and every 75 district of Nepal. Mostly, this day is organized by the District Agriculture Development Office. It’s an extension wing of Agriculture sectors of Nepal where as education wing:Tribhuvan University and Agriculture & Forestry University and research wing: National Agriculture Research Council), which is directly operated form Ministry of Agriculture Development. The theme of this year celebration is “Mechanization in Rice Farming, Reducing the Production Cost”.
Celebrating these sorts of special days may not only lead to the increment on the production of rice. We have to do lots of intervention form different sides. As from the government side, they have to provide farmer’s adequate loan and subsidies for the necessary inputs such as improved seeds and machines to the poor and pro poor farmers. The main objective of the District Agriculture Development Office of each district is to disseminate the latest technology and information regarding the improved seed to the farmers so that they were aware.It should not compromise in any condition to provide the best knowledge to the farmers.

Hill farming in context to Nepal

Nepal is small nation officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal[1] lying in between two large countries viz. China toward the North and India toward  the remaining three other side creating a landlocked boundary. As it is consider to be 93rd largest country of the world[2]. Whereas, in regarding to the population it is on 46th rank. It holds an area of 147,181 km2 and lies in between 800-880 E and 260-310 N.[3] Geographically; it is divided into three ecological zones as shown in table below.

Table 1. Area of agro-ecological zones
Agro-ecological zone Area(km2) Percentage
Mountain 51,817 35.21
Hills 61,345 41.68
Terai 34,019 23.11
Total 147,181 100
 Source:- MOAC (2004)

Agriculture is the major sector of Nepalese economy. Up to 76 percent of the total population engaged on agriculture sectors and contributes about 36 percent in the GDP.[4] Most of the area is covered by hilly area where 43.1% population presents, according to the Census of 2011. Although large portion of GDP depends upon agriculture and chunk of population are engaged in this sector, still have to import bulk amount of foods and vegetables from neighborhood countries. According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations predicts that the world have to double its food production by the year 2030 to feed its exploding population. In regarding to low production, there may be a number of list; a factors affecting low production of the agriculture goods. Some what it can be changed through different conservation practice and new techniques in the agriculture sector.

Conversational terrace farming is considered to be one of the very old cultivation practice used by the farmers in the hilly area. People usually makes sloppy field. As it claims to be low cost methods of soil conservation in slopping land. As it is same as the (Slash and Burn) shifting cultivation which is practice at some the hilly region. In Shifting cultivation is people usually cultivate land temporarily by slashing and burning the area for some period until, soil shows a sigh of exhaustion, then again people move to another place for the same purpose.
Another technique of cultivation by the integration of agriculture and forestry in same land is Sloping Agriculture Land Technology (SALT). It is systematic approach; successfully implemented on hills for the reduction of the top soil erosion, restore soil structure and fertility. It is proper upland farming system in comparison to the both of traditional practice; hence it has certain good qualities over both the traditional techniques of slash-and-burn and conventional terrace farming.

Replicating SALT model at the hilly area would not completely solve all the problems of the farmers. It’s just a technique better than that of previously practice methods. Practicing SALT model at our hilly region probably helps to solve the problems of soil erosion, low production.

References:

  1. “CIA – The World Factbook”. Cia.gov. Retrieved5 December2012.
  2. “The World Factbook: Rank order population”. CIA. Retrieved14 February 2014.
  3. “National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)”. Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). Retrieved26 November 2012.
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal

 

 

 

Climate change

Climate change is considered as a hot cake in the global world that all countries are worried about its consequences. As a results United Nation and developed countries has conducted a number of consecutive worldwide seminars to discuss the issue so that they can find out solution to address the issue. However, up to now there has been invested a huge amount of money for the sake of climate change and either to mitigate or to adopt climate change, many of us till now are still confused about what climate change actually is? In order to understand what climate change is, first of all we have to know some idea about topic weather and climate, global warming, green house effect etc.

Climate change is the variation in global or regional climates over time. It reflects changes in the variability or average state of the atmosphere over time scales ranging from decades to millions of years. These changes can be caused by processes internal to the Earth, external forces (e.g. variations in sunlight intensity) or, more recently, human activities.

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.” It is day to day condition of a particular environment or surrounding. It can be find out by the measurement different of its parameters as temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind speed, pressure etc. Weather describes for a short term condition of an atmosphere. Whereas, climate is a statistic figure of an average of weather pattern over long period of time, normally more than 30. Climate of a particular place is a condition which can be anticipated from observing weather pattern over long interval. But, in case of weather, it is the condition, what we get.

When the sun’s energy reaches earth, most of the energy warms the atmosphere and the earth’s surface. The earth then radiates some of this energy back into space as infrared rays. Green house gases in the atmosphere trap some of the infrared rays before they escape outside the atmosphere. This leads to the addition of more solar energy and thus heat to the earth’s atmosphere. The effect of heat trapping due to increasing green houses gases in the earth’s atmosphere is known as green house effect. The earth’s “natural greenhouse effect” is what makes this planet suitable for life. Had not there been any Green House Effect, the Earth’s temperature would have been (-180 C), i.e., below the freezing point. Thus Earth’s natural green house effect makes the life possible.

 Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth’s and it’s been continuing without interruption. As the main cause of this effect on our earth is due to anthropogenic activities like burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests.

In context to the vulnerability from the climate change; a country with coastal areas and high ranges of Himalayan are considered to have great impacts. Nepal is one of them, although, it is a landlocked country, but it covers more than 17% of its area with snow covering high Himalayas to the north.

My First Step to Blogging

Now a day, there are no people accessing to the internet but not having information about blog and blogging. It’s been common to the young as well as adult generation. Blog mostly consists of articles (also sometimes called “posts” or “entries”) that the individual or a group writes.Blogs range from the personal to the political, and can focus on one narrow subject or a whole range of subjects. I am always fascinated by Information technology and its application in different sectors. As I am from agricultural background; amazed how it could be possible to use in my field. I came to know about blogging from one of my school friend,Nabaraj Poudel. Then after, he suggests me to write something on my own blog as a post.
First of a few week, I am confused with the content what to add on my wall of blog. Sometimes I think about academic articles to post on it, sometime a view point of my own over the current situation of our community or country. Although, there are lots of different area and options to me from which I can write something to add in my wall but I am in dilemma. One day I was reading an international paper on my computer, I can to know more about blog and blogging. From that day I feel blogging is free writing by an individual on his own site so that he/she can provides opinion about that particular subject matter. I think there are no limitations on the subject matter.